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Use of smartphones that makes us more distracted, shows study



Researchers conducted two studies – a field experiment in a restaurant and a survey. The restaurant's experiment included more than 300 adults and university students in Vancouver, British Columbia. (Reuters)

Our digital life and excessive use of smartphones can make us more distracted, distant and drained, a survey has found. For example, there was even less telephone usage during a meal with friends enough to make those who feel distracted and reduced their enjoyment of the experience, researchers said.

"People who were allowed to use their phones during dinner had more problems present at the moment," said Ryan Dwyer, of the University of British Columbia, Canada. "Ten years' research on happiness tells us that being positive with others is critical to our well-being. Modern technology can be amazing, but it can easily pull us away and take away the special moments we have with friends and family in person," said Dwyer.

Researchers conducted two studies ̵

1; a field experiment in a restaurant and a survey. The restaurant's experiment included more than 300 adults and university students in Vancouver, British Columbia. Participants were either asked to keep their phones on the table with ringtones or vibrations on or to put their phones silent and place them in a container on the table during the meal.

After eating, participants received a questionnaire their feelings of social attachment, pleasure, distraction and boredom, as well as their use of the phone during the meal.

The researchers found that people who had their phones readily available not only used them more, but they also reported to feel more distracted and less liked the experience. The study section included more than 120 participants who were examined five times a day for a week and were asked to report on how they felt and what they had done within 15 minutes before the survey was completed.

The results showed that people reported to feel more distracted face to face if they had used the smartphone.
The pupils also said that they felt less satisfied and interested in the interaction if they had been on the phone. "The findings were particularly remarkable because of the negative effects of telephone use among university students, often called digital natives," said Elizabeth Dunn, of the University of British Columbia.

"We assumed that this generation would be more adept at multi-tasking between using their phones and interacting with others, but we found that even moderate levels of telephone usage undermined the benefits of engaging with others," said Dunn. Another study showed that compassionate people spend less time on social media than people who are more self-centered and narcissistic.

Additionally, people with lower emotional intelligence, or those with problems identifying, describing and treating their feelings, have used social media more often than those who are more in touch with their feelings, according to the study. "People who are uncomfortable with their own and others feelings can be more comfortable online," said Sara Konrath of Indiana University in the United States. 19659003] "We believe that they may prefer text-based interactions that give them more time to process social and emotional information," said Konrath.


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