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The web application everyone used – and hated



With 2020 in the rearview mirror, most people need to visit a digital museum to relive comics like Homestar Runner and Peanut Butter Jelly Time or their favorite early online tower defense game.

Adobe Flash, the web application behind a series of bright animations and games in the 90’s and aughts, finally officially kicks the bucket in 2021. Adobe will stop updating and patching Flash Player on Thursday and will start blocking on 12 January. Microsoft will block it from almost all versions of Windows by the beginning of the new year, and major browsers like Chrome and Firefox will block Flash extensions and join Safari, which it already does.

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7;s the long-awaited demise of a technology from an earlier age of the Internet, a relic from when there were fewer industry standards for audio and video formatting, making Flash a convenient way for people with different computers and browsers to view the same content. For several years before memes became a household concept, Flash comics and games were a dominant form of Internet culture.

But it was run with errors and prone to hacking, especially as newer versions tried to keep up with Internet speeds and file sizes and browsers could handle better applications, said Tarah Wheeler, a cybersecurity student at Harvard University’s Belfer Center for Science and Science. International Affairs.

“It was a guaranteed way to execute these often very large files (remember when it took a long time to download media files and you were MAD when they would not play?),” Wheeler said in a text message.

“However, it guarantees that audio and video files will run on a system that had Flash, meaning your guests would sometimes track mud through the door and onto your nice, clean carpets,” she said.

A handful of projects aim to preserve existing Flash content after the end date. One open source application called Ruffle translates specific Flash files to be read by modern browsers.

The Internet Archive, a nonprofit digital library, has an ongoing project to use Ruffle to preserve the most influential games and videos that flourished in Flash’s heyday, said software curator Jason Scott.

“There is a whole small layer of this culture, and it will be buried in 2006,” when video streaming began to become more common, he said.

“In the archive, we have uploaded a couple of thousand flash animations, games, programs, with the only downside being that I have had to hand-verify them,” Scott said. “” Where I can, I’ve been trying to get them up in the archives to go, “please do not worry: we have 200 episodes of the Strongbad emails.” “

Much of Flash’s use in recent years has been from the cabin industry to websites such as Kongregate, Armor Games and Addicting Games that feature bright, simple browser games. They have had to phase out Flash in favor of games written in more modern languages.

“It’s bittersweet, because when it comes to Flash and the impact it had from the creative community, it was probably the most effective tool for the indie developer that ever existed,” said Bill Karamouzis, CEO of Addicting Games.

“In recent years, security has been a concern and legitimate performance, but early on, Flash really made it possible for many people to be creative online,” he said.

“The Game Library is probably the largest collection of game titles ever created. Many of them are of dubious quality, but there is no doubt about the actual number, “said Karamouzis.

The end date of Flash is not a surprise to developers: it has been set since 2017. But a number of companies around the world that use it for various internal purposes, such as employee training or management software, are suddenly trying to find a solution, Stefano said. De Rossi, CEO of Leaning Technologies, a web software development company that last year began selling a program that functionally makes the website’s Flash content look and feel normal.

“We are contacted by banks a week before the deadline, large defense contractors, all kinds of companies. It is honestly remarkable, ”he said.

Such companies tend to resist the urge to rebuild their internal Flash applications from scratch, De Rossi said.

“You can see companies resisting this move and perhaps hoping that some kind of expansion will be announced eventually,” he said. “I’ve even heard several people say, ‘certainly with Covid, it’s going to be postponed. “”


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