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Nikon Z7 Review

Nikon Z7 – Hands-on Preview

by Mike Tomkins
Preview Released: 08/23/2018

Things have been looking for Nikon lately. As the company rounds off its annual celebration of its centennial anniversary, the impressive D850 DSLR Award wins, not just in the DSLR category in the 2017 camera year's prizes, but also the overall victory. But even though it has clearly done something special with the D850 DSLR, Nikon can not help but be aware of the emerging mirror-free market, which has continued to become popular globally at the expense of DSLR sales. The voltage potential has been made most apparent by the speed at which rival Sony's Alpha SLR camera has gained popularity and sales, although Nikon had to withdraw from its own non-refundable offer for several days due to a lack of sales. 1

9659004] Nikon's brand new Z7 SLR camera, the flagship of its Z-mount compact camera camera lineup.

Looking back on the 1 series and decades one of the mirror-free revolution

By the way, they also save non-refractory cameras even an anniversary this year. It has been a decade since Olympus and Panasonic made waves in mid 2008 by announcing the Micro Four Thirds mirrorless camera standard. Nikon reacted some three years later in mid-2011, and launched its own Nikon 1 mirror-free series. The 1-series cameras were groundbreaking in some respects, with the world's first hybrid auto focus systems thanks to on-chip phase detection sensors, and capable of almost legendary burst shooting and video capture performance. They also took great advantage of the size and weight advantages that are possible with mirror-free design, and are far slimmer and more compact than their DSLR brothers.

However, the Nikon 1 Series stumbled on the spot that allowed most of these other benefits: The sensor used in Nikon's early SLR models, while still high compared to compact cameras that only reached their sales halt, were still relatively small compared to the APS-C sensors that were commonly used in DSLR at the time. While this size of the sensor allowed the small cameras and lenses as the 1 series was known as well as their incredible performance and autofocus, it also translated into a noticeable reduction in image quality against larger sensors. Nikon put his heart and soul into the 1 series, but became desperate in the history books, underappreciated and unloved by the most.

Hands-on with Nikon Z7: A video introduction to Nikon's flagship full-frame SLR camera

The impressive Z7 and Z6 marks the start of Nikon's brand new mirror-free strategy

Now Nikon has returned to the drawing board and reinvented its smooth-looking strategy from scratch. With it simultaneously launching the Nikon Z6 and Z7, the company aims to achieve the same success in the compact system camera market that it manages in the DSLR market with cameras like the D850. By doing so, it has shifted to a full-frame sensor size similar to that used in many of Sony's popular Alpha SLR cameras, and sets up a head-to-head match that has us to salivate.

[Ed. Note: For the sake of accuracy, we should note that the official naming for these newly-launched cameras is actually “Nikon Z 6” and “Nikon Z 7”. However, we’ll be referring to them as the Z6 and Z7 throughout this article, as the extra space makes things harder to read, but we can’t really abbreviate to just ‘Z’ or ‘6’/’7′ either.]

Nikon Z7 rear view mirrorless camera.

Key Features for Nikon Z7

We'll come down to all the finer details for a moment, but right now we're sure you're itch to learn what the Nikon Z7 will bring to the party. Let's quickly hit the highlights:

  • Nikon's famous DSLR ergonomics in a smooth shape factor

  • Complete dust / weather sealed body (D850 class protection)

  • 45.7 megapixel full-frame Nikon FX format BSI CMOS image sensor with focusing pixels on chip

  • ISO 64 – 25 600, expandable to ISO 32 – 102 400

  • Up to 9 fps full burst capture with autofocus

  • Nikkor Z lens mount supports three S-Line lenses on launch and over a dozen by the end of 2020

  • Supports Nikon F Lenses With Mounting Adapter FTZ

  • Spacious and extremely high resolution 3.690k-point OLED electronic viewer with Nikkor optics

  • Generous 3.2-inch LCD touchscreen on 2,100k-point

Nikon Z7 mirror-free camera from above.
  • LCD display with top display

  • 493-point autofocus system works as low as -4 EV

  • Five-step five-axis vibration reduction for camera for both Z-mount and all custom F-mounted lenses. Lens based VR is also supported.

  • Shutter speeds from 1/8000 to 30 plus bulb; x sync at 1/200.

  • 4Kp30 and 1080p120 movie recording, time code, 10-bit HDMI and log color profile.

  • Also writes 8K timelapse movies in camera.

  • Built-in SnapBridge Bluetooth / Wi-Fi-Fi Communication

  • SuperSpeed ​​USB Type C connector and Type C HDMI connector, plus accessory terminal and 3.5 mm microphone / headphone connectors

  • Supports existing DSLR accessories such as Advanced Wireless Lighting, Wireless WT-7 Series and EN-EL15 Series Batteries. New EN-EL15b can be recharged into the camera.

  • Dedicated, weather sealed multicomp battery pack is in development

  • Available in late September 2018 for US $ 3,400 body-only or US $ 4,000 with 24-70 f / 4 lens

Nikon Z7 shown with 24 -70mm zoom lens mounted.

Nikon Z6 and Z7 compared

And now that we've got the basics covered, let's see what's different between the Nikon Z7 and its simultaneously announced, more affordable sibling. We should note that we are still waiting for clarification of some specifications, so this list may be expanded later. View this room:

  • The Nikon Z7 has a 45.7 megapixel sensor; Z6 is 24.5 megapixels. (Total pixels are 46.89 mpix for Z7 and 25.28 mpix for Z6.)

  • Z7 supports ISO 64 – 25,600 by default; Z6 is ISO 100 – 51 200.

  • Z7 can be extended to ISO 32 – 102 400; Z6 expands to 50 – 204,800.

  • Z7 has 493 focus points; Z6 has 273.

  • Z7 shot at 9 fps full-res; Z6 can handle 12 fps. If you enable 14-bit raw, Z7 falls to 8 fps, while Z6 can still handle 9 fps.

  • Z7 meters down to -3 EV and focus to -1 EV usually, while Z6 can measure to – 4 EV and focus to -2 EV. However, in low light AF mode, both cameras can focus on -4 EV.

  • Obviously, the Z6 has more powerful Wi-Fi and Bluetooth radios than the Z7. (7.4 vs 7.0 dBm for 2.4 GHz Wi-Fi, 12.2 / 9.2 vs 12.1 / 9.1 dBm for 5 GHz Wi-Fi, 1.9 vs 1.5 dBm for Bluetooth and 0.4 to 0 dBm for Bluetooth LE.)

  • Z7 costs US $ 3,400 body-only at launch; Z6 is US $ 2000.

  • Z7 comes with the EH-7P charger adapter to charge the batteries in the camera; Z6 does not include this option in the standard package.

Nikon Z7 compared to Sony's Alpha A7R. Which one would you choose?

Let's roll up your sleeves and talk details

But enough of the bullet points. Since the Z6 and Z7 are brand new cameras, we have much more to discuss here than usual. Now that you have a sense of how Z7 is in relation to its siblings, let's get down to the specifications and see what you can expect from Nikon's flagship full-featured SLR camera.

The first thing to notice by picking up the Z7 is clearly a high-end Nikon camera. For one thing, there is no shelf queen: The Z7's body is designed for the same level of strength, durability and dust / drip resistance as the D850. And although the number and placement of controls necessarily vary a fair bit to accommodate a less mirror-free form factor, many of the individual controls will immediately be known to a photographer shooting the same camera.

Left, Nikon D850 DSLR. To the right, Nikon Z7 compact camera camera. The similarity of the family is clear.

A whole new body that nevertheless feels like an old friend

The cluster of controls around the shutter button, for example, is identical to the D850 almost all the way down to the individual button locations. There are also two front and rear steering wheels, plus rear, steering wheel control and eight-way directional steering with central OK button. Also close by are AF-ON and & # 39; I & # 39; buttons. The Delete and Play buttons are located on the top left of the back cover, which you can expect, and they are even separated by a small hill like in the D850.

Actually, the biggest UI differences are that four of the buttons left on the D850 LCD screen have instead jumped to the bottom right of the back deck and it's a traditional mode switch with central lock button on the top deck in The place for wedding cake-style publishing mode selector topped with buttons that you had on the D850. Getting to know Z7's controls should not take Nikonians long at all.

At the heart of the Nikon Z7 is a completely new full-frame image sensor with 45.7 megapixel resolution.

A brand new, very high travel sensor and EXPEED 6 processor

Let's go back to the image sensor, above all. As we said from the start, it's a full-frame (or in Nikon parlance, FX format) CMOS chip with an effective resolution of 45.7 megapixels from a total of 46.89 megapixels, and it does not include an optical low pass filter. The chip has dimensions of 35.9 x 23.9 mm, and the maximum image dimensions are 8,256 x 5,504 pixels. If you use an APS-C sensor crop for a DX format lens, the maximum image dimensions fall to 5,408 x 3,600 pixels, for an effective resolution of 19.5 megapixels.

In addition to the ability to shoot a Dust Off reference image for distant dust from your photos with Nikon's Capture NX-D software, a image sensor purity feature is included. (We currently have no details about the particular system being used.)

The sensor is connected to a latest generation version of Nikon's internal image processor, called EXPEED 6 in this incarnation. Nikon tells us that this latest version of EXPEED enables sharper rendering of subjects and lower noise levels than previous versions. To help you make the most of Z7's detail collection features, EXPEED 6 also brings with you a new mid-cleavage feature that can be used with existing sharpness and clarity features seen in other newer Nikon cameras.

The Nikon Z7 sensor is quite glowing during our studio lighting in this picture!

A Sensitivity Class Unusually Generous at the Bottom

Together, the Nikon Z7 sensor and processor pairing delivers a sensitivity range of ISO 64 to 25 600 equivalents, expandable to range from ISO 32 to 102 400 equivalents. It's quite a wide range, and while we've probably seen higher at the top end of the scale, it's at the bottom end where the Nikon Z7 really impresses. It's not often we see a camera that allows something under ISO 100 as standard!

And the burst shooting speed of nine frames per second with full-resolution autofocus is pretty fast, especially when you remember the Z7 high resolution of 45.7 megapixels. Please note that it is set with exposure locked from the first frame. Also, by enabling 14-bit raw recording, another frame will reduce the maximum speed, and drop it to 8 fps max. If you enable exposure adjustments between frames, the maximum capture speed drops to a more modest 5.5 frames per second in full resolution, or 5 fps with 14-bit raw recording. And if you need a lower burst rate, it is also possible to get alternatives from 1 to 5 fps.

Nikon Z-mount has four lugs on the bayonet foot, instead of the three used by F-mount.

A brand new lens mount provides great possibilities

The newly developed four-flared Nikon Z-lens bayonet party dominates the entire front of the Z7 body. It is remarkable not only for the generous diameter of the mountain, which has an inner diameter of about 2.2 inches (55 mm), but also for its minimum flange distance of only 0.63 inches (16 mm). It's actually a millimeter less than the much smaller Nikon 1 mount, two millimeters less than Sony's E-mount and 3.25mm less than Olympus and Panasonic's Micro Four Thirds standard.

Nikon tells us that the combination of the generous size fitting and shallow flangeback will give it greater possibilities when it comes to lens production. And it is quite clear that lens development is a key focus here. The official Nikkor Z Lens roadmap shows the show as just three optics (two primates and one zoom) this year, but six others are slated to follow in 2019, and another six years later. Looking forward to 2021 or later, there are another eight optics planned.

All Nikon Nikkor Z S-Line lenses are intended to be designed to provide maximum sharpness when pushed up. They are also all equipped with weatherproofing, and help not only for still images, but also for video recordings. We have not yet specified what most of these lenses will be, but. Let's take a closer look at what we know so far of what's coming.

Nikon launches the Z series with three lenses and one F adapter. Here are the lenses.

Two primer and one zoom available on launch

Next to the Nikon Z7 (or for 50mm, a short month afterwards) are two primates and one zoom. Nikkor Z 35mm f / 1.8S and Z 50mm f / 1.8S primers both have a pair of ED glass lens elements. The 50mm pairs these with two aspherical elements, while the 35mm prime has three aspirations. Both lenses also use Nikon's Nano Crystal Coat coating to suppress flare and ghost. 50mm uses a STM stepper motor for clear auto focus while the 35mm driver has an unusual AF drive mechanism that mounts two distinct AF drives for performance and accuracy.

Nikkor Z 24-70mm f / 4S will be the only zoom available at launch. It combines Nikon's ghost and flame-resistant Nano Crystal Coat coating with fluoride coating on the front element to resist staining and drying. Inside it has a standard ED element, an aspherical ED element and three standard aspirations. It will focus as close as 0.3 meters.

Nikon's Z-mount line sign as it stands at the first launch of the series.
The shapes show lenses as there are no details yet – not even focal length or aperture – but still under development out of public opinion.

Nine more lenses announced in any form of 2019 and 2020

Of the remaining six lenses, there is a smooth mix of primer and zoomer. We only have details beyond the name of an optic, which is currently being developed and slated to arrive in 2019. This is Nikkor Z 58mm f / 0.95 S Noct, a manual focus-focused optic that is planned as Nikon's fastest lens ever made. .

Labeled as the S-Line Label, its name is back to 1977's AI Noct-NIKKOR 58mm f / 1.2 prime. According to Nikon, "Noct" moniker in both names is an abbreviation of "Nocturne", a musical piece intended for night or evening use. The original Noct lens was designed specifically for the purpose of sharpening sharp spotlight sharply to a dark background, as you may want for night or astronomical photography. And it seems that the target is much the same for this new lens, with Nikon's promising "superior detail and sharpness", "outstanding point-image rendering" and "beautiful look".

At the launch there is only 50mm lens shown to the right will be available. That optic will follow a month later.

As with the other lenses, we can only tell you their focal lengths and openings so far, because even the full names have not yet been completed. In order from widest to most telephoto they are:

  • 14-30mm f / 4

  • 20mm f / 1.8

  • 24-70mm f / 2.8

  • 70-200mm f / 2.8

  • 85mm f /1.8

Nikon Z7 looks impressive with a larger lens like this AF-S 500mm mounted on its FTZ adapter.

Of course, you can mount F-mount lenses via an adapter as well

As you would definitely expect from a brand new system with few first-party optics on launch (and probably some time before some third-party lenses, party optics will also be available) The ability to mount existing glass is an important feature for Nikon Z series cameras. And they can do it very well, with the courtesy of the Nikon Mount Adapter FTZ.

The name clearly indicates that this accessory will fit F-mount lenses into a Z-mount bayonet, and no less than 90 of Nikon's existing lenses will work with the adapter without any restrictions. About another 250 optics (AI type and later) will also be useful with some functional limitations.

Nikon's Mount Adapter FTZ is used to mount hundreds of historic F-mount lenses, many of which work without compromises.

Five-Axis, Five-Stop Vibration Reduction (and even Custom Lenses Get Treaking Correction)

In addition to providing support for focus and blender control, Mount Adapter FTZ also supports the built-in vibration reduction of lenses that support this feature. If your lens does not have Native VR, the camera's own built-in VR system will still provide three-axis VR. And the stabilization system in your body will work with it in your lens, if such a system is available, adding support not only for pitch correction, but also for scroll correction from side to side ..

As for dedicated Z-mounted lenses, these will provide five-axis correction, and add horizontal and vertical translation motion to the list of corrections offered. The system is said to operate with a five-step corrective power in this scenario.

Here the Nikon Z7 is shown with all the lenses that will be available within one month of launch.

Fixed, spot-tight auto focus with 90% frame coverage

Autofocus was clearly a priority for Nikon when designing the Z7, and the result is a camera that can handle fast AF fixes between frames even when shooting high-speed images with nine frames per second. This is twice impressive when considering that the Z7 has a lot of 493 autofocus points offered, covering 90% of the image frame both horizontally and vertically.

The system is a hybrid that has become increasingly common in recent years, but with an interesting twist. Typically, hybrid AF systems use chip-phase focus focus pixels to approximate the distance and direction required to achieve a focus lock. Then fine-tune the result with a small contrast-detection "hunt" to determine the exact focus point. While we are told that Nikon's hybrid AF system can work in this way, we understand that it's not really a requirement. The Nikon Z7 can instead (and sometimes) lock the focus solely using the phase detection information, without the need to perform a contrast detection AF cycle at the end.

Nikon Z7 has impressive 493 auto focus points with 90% horizontal / vertical coverage of the frame. (The above-mentioned graphics show video mode, where 435 points are available.)

A superb detailed and spacious electronic searcher helps you forget about DSLR

Perhaps one of the most important parts of the non-dazzle experience for new shooters that exceed a DSLR is applicant. SLR shooters looking for a camera in this class are used to seeing a big, bright, crisp and lawful version of the real world in all its splendor projected right through the lens and into the eyes. These are not areas where electronic viewers have traditionally enjoyed the best reputation, but technology has come a long way in recent years, and we are starting to see some online searchers who challenge the perception of days gone by. [19659007] The electronic finder used in the Nikon Z7 is a beautiful example of this in action, and it just gives the right feeling when it's raised in the eye. Based around a 0.5 inch (1.27 cm) organic LED panel and with 0.8x magnification, it's very spacious indeed. It also has an extremely high Quad VGA resolution, not to be confused with the QVGA with lower reset. It is equivalent in resolution to four VGA monitors stacked in a two to two series, giving up a total of 1,280 x 960 pixels, for a total point count of around 3,690k points.

The Z7 viewer has an eye point of 21mm from the eyepiece lens, which is about enough to shine to separate the entire frame without having to move the eye around the viewfinder. The cover is manufactured to 100% both horizontally and vertically. There is a built-in diopter adjustment control that allows you to adjust a -4 to +2 m -1 diopter if you prefer. And regardless of whether you're uncomfortable, you'll find that Z7 can automatically enable or disable the viewfinder to save power or to allow you to switch back and forth between viewfinder and LCD monitor with minimum fuss. [19659007] The applicant provides an 11-step manual or automatic brightness control, and a color selection feature is also available to fine tune it to your liking.

On the back of the Z7, you'll find a truly high resolution viewfinder and a slanted LCD touchscreen with a 3.2-inch diagonal.

An unusually sharp, high-resolution LCD monitor with touchscreen.

In the case of the LCD monitor, the Nikon Z7 is also an unusually nice one. It's a bit more generous than the average 3.2-inch diagonal, and an extremely high resolution of 2,100k points. Again, Nikon manufacturer coverage coverage of 100%, and the company also specifies an extremely wide 170 degree viewing angle, both horizontally and vertically.

Likewise, for the viewfinder, the LCD screen provides an 11-step brightness control and a color selection feature. However, there is no automatic brightness control for the LCD monitor. And if you want to shoot from your hip or over your head, you'll find Z7's LCD tilt mechanism useful as long as you do not have to shoot in portrait format. (We have not yet a precise figure for the articulation area, but it will not turn all the way for self-shooting, but it's hardly a common mode of use for a camera in this price range.)

Oh, and you'll also find a handy , a little OLED info panel on the Z7 top deck, as you can see below.

Tucked just to the right of Z7's flash hot shoes, you'll find a small, small OLED screen that shows just the basics you need.

All Exposure and Creative Opportunities You Expect

The Nikon Z7 is obviously a camera aimed at experienced photographers, whether they are pros or deeply entangled enthusiasts, and all the creative possibilities you have I expect to find are on offer here. The Z7 meter exposure uses its main image sensor and offers a range of matrix, center weighted, spot or high weight measurement methods. The measuring system has an unusual generous operating range of -3 to 17 EV, which makes it possible to measure even for candles and +/- 5 EV exposure compensation is available in increments of 1/3 or 1/2 EV, plus an exposure lock function.

The programs offered include the typical choice of Programmed Auto, Shutter Priority, Blender Priority, or Full Manual Mode, plus a fully automatic mode. The program mode contains a flexible program feature that allows you to coax the aperture or shutter speed in the desired direction while still providing total control in the hands of the camera itself. Shutter speeds range from as little as 1/8,000 seconds to maximum 30 seconds under automatic control, while lamp and time exposure options are also available.

Oh, and it's a silent shooting mode that lets you go lukewarm and avoid distracting the subject or annoying audience, as well as an 8K interval time-out feature, although the latter requires third party software to process the results in a movie.

The compact nature of Z7 is really revealed when it is displayed with Speedlight SB-5000

Throw a little more light on your subject with an external strobe

Not surprisingly for a camera in this class, there is no built-in flash strobe. Advantages and enthusiasts tend to see these as an irritation rather than a convenience and increase the likelihood of a failure for little upside beyond the ability to drown the subject in hard light for an unflattering, ghostly look.

External flash is where it's for the professionals, and the Nikon Z7 meets an ISO 518 shoe with synchronization and data connectivity plus a security lock. Nikon's ITTL flash measurement system is supported and you will be able to use the same Creative Lighting System accessories as your other Nikon equipment. Flash exposure compensation is available in a range of -3 to +1 EV in 1/3 or 1/2 EV increments, and both synchronization with first and second curtains is possible, with or without redye reduction. Flash x sync is available at 1/200 second or slower, and auto FP high-speed synchronization flash is also supported.

Nikon Z7 seems to make a proper video player as well.
Here it is shown with a ME-1 accessory microphone mounted.

The Nikon Z7 is not just a shooter; It is also designed for videos

Of course, self-cameras today create movies, and the Nikon Z7 does not seem to be beaten in this area. It can shoot ultra high-def 4K recordings at 30, 25 or 24 frames per second, and high definition 1080p recordings at 120, 100, 60, 50, 30, 25 or 24 frames per second. And a 4-5x slow motion effect is also possible when recording at 120fps and then output at either 30, 25 or 24fps.

Maximum cut length is 29 minutes and 59 seconds, an artificial limit we all know and "love" that is common in the industry thanks to European rules, even for cameras sold outside the European market. Videos are stored in MOV or MP4 formats using H.264 / MPEG-4 AVC compression with linear PCM AAC audio from either a built-in stereo microphone or an external microphone with muting options. The microphone sensitivity is adjustable, although we do not yet know how many steps are available.

In addition to camera recording, the Z7 provides a 10-bit HDMI output that can be used for external recorders. There is also a Nikon Log (N-Log) setting that attempts to hold on highlight and shadow details for better color classification, as well as support for time code. Furthermore, you can adjust the aperture and exposure compensation evenly during shooting using the control ring located on each Z-mount lens. And while the pros are likely to avoid this latest feature, enthusiasts can also find the availability of electronic vibration in addition to the VR mechanical body / lens as a practical feature as well.

On the left side of Nikon Z7 you will find USB-C, Mini HDMI, 3.5mm microphone / headphone and remote connectors.

Wired and Wireless Connectivity Aplenty

Z7 contains many updated wired connectivity options, more than most cameras currently. To begin with, it is a standard USB Type C connector that is compatible with USB SuperSpeed ​​(aka USB 3.1 Gen 1 or USB 3.0) standard, and provides data transfer needs. There is also a Type C Mini HDMI connector for high-quality video output, a pair of 3.5 mm connectors equipped with headphones and microphones, and an additional port compatible with Nikon's MC-DC2 power cord. Plus, of course, the aforementioned flash shoe.

In addition to wired connectivity, Z7 also helps you get your pictures on your smartphone or tablet – and from there to the world – with its built-in wireless communication setup. Double SnapBridge, this paired both Bluetooth / Bluetooth LE and 2.4 / 5 GHz Wi-Fi connections to provide a permanent connection and fast pairing, but the ability to also transfer data at high speed and over long distances as needed. Nikon ranks the system for a 32 meter (10 meter) work area in sight. Obstacles between camera and smart device will of course reduce this area.

Z7 accepts
The super-fast XQD flash card format with a single card slot in the back of the handle.


Nikon Z7 stores images and movies on XQD memory cards in a single track. Far less familiar than the usual SD card format. While they usually cost a little more than an SD card of equivalent capacity, the fastest XQD cards offer speeds well above what is available from the UHS-II SD card itself.

Images can be stored in either 12-bit or 14-bit .NEF formats, such as RGB-TIFFs, or as JPEG-compressed images. Raw files can be lost or accidentally compressed or stored without compression. You can also save lower travel medium or small raw files, although these have a fixed 12-bit depth and require lossless compression.

The Nikon Z7 battery compartment can be found in the base of the handle.


Z7 extracts power from a rechargeable battery EN-EL15b lithium ion. It can also accept the previous EN-EL15 and EN-EL15a types, but can not charge these cameras as they can with the latest packages, and can also lower battery life. Full battery life has not been completed, but we know that the Z7 is CIPA rated for 330 images using EVF, but Nikon noted that early hands-on reports by professionals using pre-release cameras in the field indicate the real world's battery life far exceeds the CIPA figure. We also know that Nikon is working on designing a multi-power battery pack that will accept two EN-EL15b battery packs, which increases battery life by around 80% in the process. See this space for more information when the package is officially announced!

Price and Availability

Available on the US market from September 27, 2018, the Nikon Z7 is priced at US $ 3,400 or hence, just body. A kit including the Nikkor Z 24-70 f / 4 S lens will be priced close to US $ 4000.

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