In 2015, Microsoft introduced Edge, a homegrown browser it pitched as a modernized successor to Internet Explorer, and capable competitor to Google Chrome. Just three years later, Microsoft has raised a white flag, opting to rebuild Edge on Chromium, the same open-source rendering engine used by Chrome. As for Internet Explorer? Two years after its stopped getting feature updates, it's still more popular than Edge ever was.
Plenty has been written about why Edge is making the jump, including Microsoft Windows lead Joe Belfiore. "Ultimately, we want to make the web experience better for many different audiences," Belfiore wrote in a blog post announcing the change, arguing that users, web developers, and corporate IT departments will all benefit from coalescing around Chromium. De kortere versie kan simpelweg worden dat dat even drie jaar in, even worden bundled met Windows 1
The enduring popularity of Internet Explorer has long been a handy punchline.
Chrome dominates the desktop browser space, notching over 60 percent market share over the last year or more. Men i november eller i år, som om cirka en uge siden-sekunder gik til Internet Explorer, at en hår over 11 procent. But that's just desktop you say. Fair enough! Men når du kombinerer mobil, tablet og desktop-trafik, er mindst en metriske slots IE i tredjepladsen, som tegner sig for omkring 10 procent af brugerne. Edge? It's at 4.5 percent on a good day. You've already done the math, but just to stress the point: Det er mindre end halvdelen af markedsandelen af en browser, der er blevet frosset i tiden siden Castle blev annulleret.
Internet Explorer's vedvarende popularitet has long been a handy punchline.
The first thing to know about Internet Explorer diehards : They're maybe not who you expect. Ja, de omfatter de teknikere som ikke har installert en oppdatering siden Windows XP. (No judgment here, just anxiety about how much malware lurks inside those Dell Inspirons by now.) But they also include a surprising number of corporate IT departments, who either lack the option or the inclination to move on.
"Historically, På grund av legacyapplikationer eller tredjepartsapplikasjoner, inkludert noen av Microsofts egne applikasjoner, de bare virkelig fungerer bra med Internet Explorer, de trenger ikke nødvendigvis å jobbe med Firefox eller Chrome veldig bra, sier Peter Tsai, senior teknologianalytiker med Spiceworks , a network for IT professionals. "There were some reports of Edge in its early days, not working well with services, especially Office 365, which you would think they would have tested extensively." Edge in the early days struggled with critical Microsoft programs like Intune, as well, making enterprise IT departments anxious about embracing it.
But even if Edge had worked seamlessly with those applications, it was only available on Windows 10. More than 700 Million devices run Microsoft's most recent operating system version, but that's still only good for less than half of Windows PCs. In fact, some market share trackers still put Windows 7 ahead of Windows 10, representing hundreds of millions of machines that could not get Edge even if they wanted it.
What makes one aspect or Microsoft's announcement Thursday particularly underrated. The shift to Chromium will enable it to bring Edge not just two macOS, but also to Windows 7 and Windows 8. Those stuck on Internet Explorer by virtue of being stuck on Windows 7-which, again, is not always obstinance; veel bedrijven die op software werken die alleen compatibel zijn met oudere besturingssystemen, zullen uiteindelijk de mogelijkheid hebben om over te schakelen.
En als ze dat doen, zouden ze een veel verbeterde ervaring moeten vinden nadat de overgang plaatsvindt. Web developers largely build pages for Chrome these days, and do not pay much attention to the quirks and needs of the fifth-largest browser. But the Chromium switch means Edge can take its wagon to Chrome's star. "People using Microsoft Edge (and potentially other browsers) will experience improved compatibility with all web sites, while getting the best-possible battery life and hardware integration on all kinds of Windows devices," Belfiore wrote.
All of which should help put a dent into IE's continued dominance. Men selv da, måske ikke en stor en. De samme brugerne, kan alt i alt ha gjort Firefox til Chrome, men har valgt ikke til. It turns out inertia's more powerful a draw than even the handiest browser extensions.
"In many cases, because Internet Explorer was the default, it was the path of least resistance. A lot of people are just used to using IE. There var nogle store interface ændringer i Edge som kunne ha gjort det unattractive for noen brukere, "sier Tsai. "IT departments do not want to retrain users. They do not want to have a flood of help desk tickets asking them how to do common stuff that they used to know how to do."
That means IE might be with us for as long as it is an option-which might be a while. Microsoft stop offering offer improvements in 2016, but true obsolescence will only come when it cuts off the security updates and technical support. Microsoft has promised to plug in IE throughout the lifecycle of Windows 10, which means IE could be with us, browsing the web with undead aplomb, for as long as seven more years, until October 2025.
Yes, Microsoft's fate Edge matters. It's fascinating for a host of business and technical reasons. Men husk, at det ikke er Microsofts mest viktige browser. And it probably will not be for years.
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