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How Epic Games holds Fortnite online for millions of players



Fortnite is an online phenomenon. The game's royal game, where 1

00 players are thrown into an arena and the last person to win has collected 125 million players within 12 months of launch. At one time millions of people play the game.

" Fortnite has grown more than 100 times in the last nine months alone," said Chris Dyl, platform leader from the title's publisher Epic Games in late July. It takes some serious web infrastructure chops. caused by gambling surpluses or attempted cyber attacks, can drive players away and stop them from making purchases in the game.

Fortnite was created using Epic's development engine Unreal, which allows creators to design and code games without starting from nothing. Battle royale competitor PlayerUnknown's Battlegrounds (PUBG) also uses the Unreal engine that makes hundreds of other titles.

February 3rd Fortnite had its most successful weekend. According to Epic – who has not released more up-to-date figures – there were 3.2 million players online at the same time. The figure ballooned from a peak of 60,000 users as Epic registered after July 2017 launch.

"If you have a viral hit on day two, you may have ten, one hundred or one million times more players than you had one day," said Ian Massingham, a technical evangelist at Amazon Web Services (AWS). launch, Fortnite has been dependent on AWS to stay online. The Amazon Department – one of the company's most profitable – is responsible for hosting websites like Netflix, Reddit and Airbnb.

Every month Epic deals with two petabytes data (223,000 DVDs, if the disks are 4.7GB each.) This requires a lot of server space. Massingham says Fortnite uses AWS elasticity to provide more capacity when users eat in numbers. can be big. "We have almost ten times difference in game server workload between high peak and low peak in a particular region," Epic s Dyl said in July.

AWS has a wide range of accessibility zones around the world designed for to deliver web services that do not save. And if a zone Error, can someone else enter. Fortnite is run on servers in 24 of the 55 accessibility zones that exist.

But this does not mean things do not go wrong. There were six outbreaks of the match when it hit 3.4 million users in February. At that time, Epic said that there had been some technical boundaries in one of the regions it operates and the game went down. Also, if Amazon's systems suffer from problems Fortnite and other services that rely on its technology, go down. The Great 2016 Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) Cyber ​​Attack – Launched by Minecraft Player College Students Who Run a Fraud – Affected AWS Systems.

Business secrets of Fortnite's successful success

Previously, games like Far Cry 5 and Ghost Recon Wildlands have become victims of DDoS attacks that have stopped players from getting online. An alleged hacker took to Twitter in April 2018 to claim that they had performed a DDoS attack against Fortnite's servers, but this was never confirmed and the Twitter account no longer exists.

"The DDoS attacks pose a high risk of online games," said Ben Albon, management operator at the British game developer Jagex, who creates Runescape . "MMORPGs are much less resilient than other online services such as websites and video streaming. When you and your friends are in the midst of a boss's struggle that you have spent hours preparing for, 30 seconds of interruption can easily be enough to destroy your entire in the evening. "

There are also issues with the game in game shooting that must be combated. Team and latency impact on all massive online multiplayer games. Massingham adds that in recent years the games people play have become more standardized. Previously, the United States, Europe and Asia had a lot of different tastes in play, but now they are more global. Jo Twist, CEO of Ukie, said the UK's gaming business organization is critical of the game's success that data can flow freely across international borders, and the broadband structure is in place for people to play at high speeds.

This is more complicated when 100 players try to move around, walk, shoot and die in the same game zone. "In delivering the multiplayer elements, I need infrastructure running in the cloud that lets me share to talk with other players," says Massingham. "This means that when I shoot my gun in the game, you can see a zombie falling into your copy of the client."

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YouTuber Battle (non) sense has performed technical tests comparing PUBG and Fortnite . He says Fortnite shows players technical details about their connections while the competitor does not. In an update to PUBG creators changed their settings so people play with others who have similar pingrats. Simply put: If your internet connection is slow, play against other people with weaker connections. The battle (not) sense also says that the servers for both games' royal games send out more information when there are less than 50 players left from the start 100.

More than a year after the first release, Epic Games has just released Fortnite on Android. Beta was exclusively made available to Samsung customers, but will soon extend to phones from other manufacturers. This means that the massively popular game will have the opportunity to find a new audience. And when done, it becomes harder to keep it online.


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