Android has been around for so long, and in so many forms that the open source operating system has evolved on several fronts thanks to the hectic competition among the many vendors using the platform.
For every watch and flute from Samsung, LG and HTC, there has always been a slightly cleaner market – a "stock" OS that removes all third-party inflation for an experience as close to Google's vision of Android as possible to get.
From the development of Google's Nexus smartphone area (and their successors, the enhanced Google Pixel phones) to the contemporary innovation of Android One, pure Android devices have cut more than a niche for themselves. It has been quite the journey, and the story is not over yet …
The "clean Android" project started in 2009 when Google confirmed that it had started internal testing on a new device that was thought to offer a real Android experience. Soon after, Google revealed a partnership with HTC. The product of this association? Nexus One.
With a handful of lawsuits to fight with the balloon (one for hardware specifications filed by Apple and the other, by all sources, came from the yard of the seni-sci-fi author Philip K Dick), Nexus One launched 5 January 201
Despite a handful of attractive tools, such as voice-to-text transcription, it does not offer enough hardware innovations to match the stylized form factor that had given the iPhone such a huge fan base.
Never a company that was accused of twiddle fingers, Google followed it at the end of that year with Nexus S.
Trading HTC for Samsung (the carousel of hardware partners would be a phone card for the series), this new handset boasts a architecture similar to the one used in the Galaxy S series, and was the first device to run Android 2.3 Gingerbread ad.
The Nexus S was a step forward in hardware innovation, with the earliest Android use of NFC technology, saw the seeds of Android Pay and Apple Pay in the process. It was also odd enough, the first commercial handset was certified for use on behalf of NASA.
In 2011, the third entry in the series, the Samsung Galaxy Nexus, continued the partnership with the Korean giant with a dual-core processor, the ability to record video in 1080p and the very first use of Google Wallet.  Google Nexus 4 "class =" lazy-image lazy-image-loading lazyload optional-image "onerror =" this.parentNode.replaceChild (window.missingImage (), this) "sizes =" auto "data-normal = "https://vanilla.futurecdn.net/techradar/media/img/missing-image.svg" data-src = "https://cdn.mos.cms.futurecdn.net/d3KUPc7jjVRW86u6r3Uqz5-320-80.jpg" data-srcset = "https://cdn.mos.cms.futurecdn.net/d3KUPc7jjVRW86u6r3Uqz5-320-80.jpg 320w, https://cdn.mos.cms.futurecdn.net/d3KUPc7jjVRW86u6r3Uqz5-650-80.jpg 650w "data-sizes =" auto "data-original-mos =" https://cdn.mos.cms.futurecdn.net/d3KUPc7jjVRW86u6r3Uqz5.jpg "data-pin-media =" https: //cdn.mos.cms. futurecdn.net/d3KUPc7jjVRW86u6r3Uqz5.jpg "/>
Google shared with Samsung on the mobile front in 2012 and joined forces with LG to produce Nexus 4.
Like Nexus S, this next entry in the series was well received by critics, offering relatively high-quality specifications – such as a Qualcomm Snapdragon S4 Pro processor and an 8 megapixel rear k amera – at a reasonable price. It turned out to be one of the most popular entries in the series.
End of Nexus and Birth of Android One
The following year, Google held its partnership with LG to produce the next iteration in the Nexus line: Nexus 5.
As one of the first phones to be shipped with Android 4.4 KitKat (this was also the first time Android had used a branded patisserie to name the OS iterations), saw Nexus 5 that Google attempted to return to the pure ideology of its earlier models with the inclusion of Google Now Launcher, which provides easier access to his smart assistant.
Like all the Nexus devices before it, it was not perfect – flaws included a faint screen and a camera that didn't match the power of other "less clean" Android phones – but it was still a traditional Android user's ideal handsets.
Having fulfilled its two-unit commitment with LG, Google decided in 2014 to work with Motorola (which it recently sold to Lenovo) for the next handset in its stock range: Nexus 6.
Phablets were new to things, with large screens becoming hugely popular, so Google went all-in with a 2560 x 1440 AMOLED display, one of the earliest examples of this high-end display specification.
Based on the Moto X, Google used the Nexus 6 as the first handset to support Project Fi, its own mobile operator service.
It was also in 2014 that a new approach to stock Android experience was born: Android One. The brainchild of Sundar Pichai, product manager and designated CEO of Google, was designed as a streamlined and unmodified version of Android, especially for affordable entry-level devices in emerging markets.
India served as a testbed for this OS variant, and in the four years since its launch, Android One has helped shape the development of Android in Google's own devices. Etos of a cleaner user interface, with high security and faster updates, can be seen in Pixel 3 and Pixel 3 XL today.
2015 marked the last year for the Nexus line, and while Google finally began to work on what would become the first Pixel handset, it went all out for its Nexus swansong.
With Motorola now sold, Google broke its regular pattern on several fronts by returning to LG for the Nexus 5X and Chinese manufacturer Huawei for Nexus 6P. Necessary confusing naming conventions aside, these two devices were testbeds for some of Android's latest features.
Android Sensor Hub (to discover when the phone has been picked up) and Google Now in print, helped the 5X stand apart, while the 6P saw the Nexus series in style that no doubt its best entry, with a thinner aluminum part, an octagon core Snapdragon 810 chip and more.
In October 2016, Google's decision to leave the Nexus series was behind, but built on the legacy with a new range of stock-focused handsets, so the arrival of Google Pixel and Pixel XL.
The smoother aluminum frame and glass back represented a move towards a more superior build quality than the Nexus phones, but it was the new Android features that really made the Pixel stand apart.
Google Assistant was originally exclusive to the first generation of pixels, while access to unlimited, complete resolution of Google Photos security, really sold the exclusivity of the Android 7.1 Nougat update that came with this phone.
It was not perfect – the lack of waterproofing and a large number of hardware problems hit the higher price point heads – but as the first genuine clean Android phone designed, developed and marketed for the most part Google (HTC was technically involved), sent it a clear message to Samsung and Apple.
For the launch of Pixel 2 in 2017, Google worked with both HTC and LG to produce their regular and XL phones, but made a point of announcing that it would not be a "cheaper" version to match any brand " little "models.
These were several premium phones, and their cameras were the centerpiece of the design. Finally, the Pixel 2 and Pixel 2 XL experienced a stunning 12.2 megapixel rear camera that could capture full HD video and HDR + processing.
Pixel 2 XL boasts several premium features, making the regular version look a bit inexpensive in comparison, but Google apparently came closer to finding its "perfect" clean Android model.
Pixel present – and future?
So we come to the last chapter of Google's pure Android journey: Pixel 3. Although it's not a big improvement on the previous generation of phones, Pixel 3 and Pixel 3 XL summarize Google's homegrown approach to phone development.
They only cross enough boxes on the hardware front – another impressive series of cameras, and an overall design that is easier on the eye – while emphasizing the power of the Android operation at its purest.
Debutation in 2018 with Android Pie via Pixel Launcher, Pixel 3 phones offer the best way to experience Android in its pure form.
A clean user interface, the use of Duplex AI to respond to spaman calls, and the Digital Wellbeing tool have shown that, while Google is still working on hardware kinks, it shows the direction Google hopes to take its OS innovation.
- Bringing you to Nokia and Android One and helping you make more of your smartphone. You can learn more about the new Nokia 7.1 here and you will find more tips on getting the most out of your phone here .