Why is it important: As the quantum future looms closer, hundreds unless thousands of companies and research groups run towards building the first quantum computer that can surpass traditional supercomputers. However, competition is not only between organizations, it is also between competing methods for quantum measurement.
IonQ was founded on a gamble as "captured ion quantum" data processing could exceed the silicon-based quantum computers built by Google and others. From now on, it does. IonQ has designed a quantum computer that can perform calculations on a 79-qubit array and defeats the previous king Google's 7-batt game.
Their error rates are also the best in the industry, with a single qubit error rate of 99.97% while the closest competitors are around 99.5 points and a two-qubit error rate of 99.3% when most competitors are below 95%. But how is comparing to ordinary computers?
According to IonQ, the workloads that quantum computers are being built for are already taking over. The Bernstein-Vazirani algorithm, a reference IonQ, hopes to take off, tests a data's ability to determine a single coded number (called an oracle) when the computer can only ask a simple yes / no question.
When the algorithm is Run for each number between 1
"After two years of work, we pay counter-grain efforts." IonQ's Managing Director, Christopher Monroe, believes that trapped ion quantum billing is the best bet. "The IonQ system is robust and industrial strength. Even in this early stage, the results show that the ion field design has all the benefits we expected and more."
All quantum computers "isolate and manipulate quantum systems to create quantum versions of data bits, called qubits," reads IonQ's website. Kvante computers replace the traditional 0 or 1 logical ports processors rely on and replace them with 0 and 1 quantum ports, which at the same time are 0 and 1 under calculations but output 0 or 1. This funky mat has potential for å
The specific "captured ion technology" IonQ quantum computer is based on replacing the super-cooled silicon that Google, IBM and Rigetti use with ytterbium, a silver-colored rare earth metal. The ionized ytterbium is suspended in an oscillating electromagnetic field, manipulated by engineers who program lasers that enter, store and retrieve information.
While "trapped ion" quantum modulation still has some obstacles to overcome, namely slow operating times and massive sizes, the accuracy and scalability of technology means that IonQ will let companies use their computer sometime next year. It also has a peer-reviewed journal article about the developments that will be published in the coming months.
Quantum superiority, the moment the best quantum computer is better than the best traditional computer, approaches quickly. Although IonQ will admit that they do not know what the "killer app for quantum computers" is, it does not seem to be too long before we all take it for granted.